By Philip Mansel

each time gardens welcomed us, we stated to them,
Aleppo is our goal and also you are purely the route.' 
                                                                                          Al-Mutanabbi
 
Aleppo lies in ruins. Its streets are plunged in darkness, such a lot of its inhabitants has fled. yet this was a colourful global urban, the place Muslims, Christians and Jews lived and traded jointly in peace. Few areas are as historic and numerous as Aleppo – one of many oldest, consistently inhabited towns on the planet – successively governed by means of the Assyrian, Persian, Greek, Roman, Arab, Ottoman and French empires. less than the Ottomans, it grew to become the empire's 3rd greatest urban, after Constantinople and Cairo. It owed its wealth to its place on the end of the Silk highway, at a crossroads of global exchange, the place retailers from Venice, Isfahan and Agra amassed within the biggest suq within the center East. all through the region, it used to be well-known for its nutrients and its song.  For four hundred years British and French consuls and retailers lived in Aleppo; lots of their money owed are used right here for the 1st time. within the first heritage of Aleppo in English, Dr Philip Mansel vividly describes its decline from a top of cultural and financial strength, a poignant testomony to a urban shattered by Syria's civil war.

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